Archive for the ‘Brazil’ Category


Alicia Pakareu commented on a previous post about Veracel, to inform us about another threat caused by eucalyptus monocultures and extensive cattle grazing. Above is her video, and below is her information posted on



There are many reasons why the pulp industry is moving South. “Were it not for labour unions at home, we would be moving all of our production capacity to countries like Brazil,” a Stora Enso official told the Financial Times in 2005. I discussed this issue in a report I wrote a couple of years ago: “Plantations, Poverty and Power“.

One of the reasons is that fast-growing tree plantations in Brazil are precisely that: fast-growing. Recently, a colleague sent me the chart below, which illustrates the point very well. It compares the area of plantations needed to provide enough raw material to produce one million tonnes of pulp a year in Scandinavia, Portugal and Brazil:

Source: Sergio Schlesinger presentation at FASE workshop on climate change, energy and agrobusiness in Brazil, April 2010, based on information from Pöyry.

World Rainforest Movement’s website currently has a great image of FSC’s greenwashing of industrial tree plantations on the front page (click on the image below to go to WRM’s website):



For the past three months, landless farmers from Brazil’s Movement of Landless Peasants (MST) have occupied an area of land used by the company Veracel. The land is classified as devolutas land, which is land that has no official land title and therefore belongs to the state. The state is supposed to allocate these lands to small-scale farmers, never to private companies. Despite the protests, despite the devolutas land issue and despite the ongoing problems that Veracel has created for local communities, Veracel remains certified by the Forest Stewardship Council.

This press release and photos come from the Alert against the Green Desert Network in Bahia.


More information and photos from the Movement of landless peasants (MST) in Brazil.


This month’s World Rainforest Movement Bulletin is focussed on women’s voices on plantations. The following article looks at the impacts of plantations on women in Brazil, and how women are leading the struggle against plantations.

7 March 2009
World Rainforest Movement
Friends of the Earth International


Negative impacts of monoculture tree plantations on women
Three new case studies on three continents

7 March 2009 – Three new case studies on the impacts of monoculture tree plantations on women in Nigeria, Papua New Guinea and Brazil will be released on 8 March, International Women’s Day.

In December 2008, Bloomberg reported that Aracruz’s losses on currency-derivatives amounted to US$2.13 billion.

An article in World Rainforest Movement’s Bulletin 135 (October 2008) reports a protest at Aracruz Celulose’s port on 10 October 2008.

Aracruz has announced that it is to “temporarily suspend” the construction of its new pulp mill in Guaiba, Rio Grande do Sul province. Construction at the proposed new pulp mill started in August 2008 and the planned start of operations was 2010.